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Peas – Growers' Guide

Peas' Guide

Peas

Season
Can grow all round year, but best in winter season.

Soil
Loam, clay loam, good irrigation, pH 5.0 – 6.0 To plough the soil with dry sun 7-10 days. To plough the soil deep 20-25 cm. Additional manure rate 1.5-2.0 ton/rai plot wide 100 – 120 cm. high 25-30 cm. Use straw to thin cover.

Agriculture
Sowing seeds space plant 5 cm. space row 30 cm. two row / plot have net for climbing.

Fertilizer
1. With plough fertilizer manure rate 1, 500- 2, 000 Kg./Rai
2. After plant 7-10 days formula 21-0-0 or 46-0-0 rate 25-35 Kg./Rai
3. After plant 20-25 days formula 15-15-15 or 13-13-21 rate 30- 40 Kg./Rai
4. After plant 35-40 days formula 15-15-15 or 13-13-21 rate 30- 40 Kg./Rai
5. After plant 50-60 days formula 15-15-15 or 13-13-21 rate 30- 40 Kg./Rai

Maturity
55-60 days after sowing.

PEAS FACTS: In the home garden, peas should be planted in fertile, well-drained soil in an unshaded spot. The cool part of the growing season favours growth and development. The most common diseases that affect peas are root rot, powdery mildew, and several viral diseases. In the United States, peas are grown in the winter and early spring in parts of the Southwest and southern California.

Commercial production in the United States centres in the northern tier of states, especially the Great Lakes states and the Pacific Northwest. Washington and Idaho produce dry, edible peas used in soup. Dried peas are sometimes ground into flour. Europe and the North American continent produce the majority of the fresh pea crop for table use. Canning and freezing processes vary according to variety, plant size, shape and size of the pods, and period of maturation.
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