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Pepper – Growers' Guide

Pepper' Guide

Pepper

Season
Can be planted in all tropical season, but do not like low temperature.

Soil
Loam, Clay loam, good irrigation, pH 5.5-7.0. To plough the soil with dry sun 7-10 days. To plough the soil deep 20 -25 cm. Additional manure rate 3.0 -4.0 ton / rai. Chemical fertilizer 15-15-15 rate 50 Kg./rai soil to cover up plot wide 80-120 cm. high 30 cm. 2 row/ plot. Use plastic or strew to cover up step end.

Agriculture
Transplanting sprout 25 days, open water in to plot, perforate on plastic space, 40-60 cm.

Fertilizer
1. With plough Fertilizer 15-15-15 rate 50 Kg.
2. After transplant 7-10 days Fertilizer 21-0-0 or 46-0-0 rate 10-20 Kg./Rai
3. After transplant 21-25 days Fertilizer 15-15-15 rate 30 Kg./Rai
4. After transplant 40 days Fertilizer 13-13-21or 15-15-15 rate 30 Kg./Rai
5. Always 10-15 days after transplant 40 days Fertilizer 13-13-21or 15-15-15 rate 30 Kg./Rai

Disease Important
1. Anthracnose spray Mancozap+Matacllic coper
2. Leaf spot # Alternaria, Cercospora
3. Curly Leaf # Virus
4. Bacterial Wilt # Bacterial
5. Scerodium Wilt # Scerodium
Insect Important: Thrips

Maturity
75-80 days

PEPPER FACTS V: The term "pimiento," from the Spanish for "pepper," is applied to certain mild pepper varieties possessing distinctive flavour but lacking in pungency; these include the European paprikas, which include the paprika (q.v.) of commerce, a powdered red condiment that was known in Hungary by the late 16th century. "Pimiento," often pronounced the same as "pimento," should not be confused with the latter, which is allspice.

Pepper plants are treated as tender summer annuals outside their native habitat. They are propagated by planting seed directly in the field or by transplanting seedlings started in greenhouses or hotbeds after six to ten weeks.
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