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Chinese Mustard – Growers' Guide

Chinese Mustard' Guide

Chinese Mustard

Season
Can growth all year in high land, Best winter temperature (22-25 C).

Soil
Loam, clay loam, good irrigation, pH 6.0-6.5 To plough the soil with dry sun 7-10 days To plough the soil deep 20-30 cm. Additional manure rate 1.5-2.0 ton/rai fertilizer 13-13-21 rate 30-40 Kg./Rai soil to cover up plot wide 120 cm. high 25-30 cm., Use straw or plastic to cover up step end.

Agriculture
Transplant sprout 20-25 days, open water in to plot, planted space 35-45 x 35-45 cm. 2 row / plot.

Fertilizer
Cabbage want high Nitrogen and Potassium Fertilizer ( 46-0-0, 21-0-0 ) rate 40-50 Kg./ rai
1. After transplant 7-10 days formula 46-0-0 or 21-0-0 rate 20-25 Kg./rai
2. After transplant 35-40 days formula 46-0-0 or 21-0-0 rate 20-25 Kg./rai + Boron and Molydenum additional Fertilizer 13-13-21 or 14-14-21 rate 70-120 Kg./rai
1. With plough formula 13-13-21 or 14-14-21 rate 20-40 Kg./Rai
2. After transplant 15-20 days formula 13-13-21 or 14-14-21 rate 25-40 Kg./Rai
3. After transplant 35-40 days formula 13-13-21 or 14-14-21 rate 25-40 Kg./Rai

Disease Important
1. Downy Mildew 2. Tip Burn 3. Leaf Spot 4. Turnip Mosaic
Insect Important: Worm

Maturity
estimate 50-60 days

CHINESE MUSTARD FACTS: Brassicaceae, also called Cruciferae, the mustard family, of the caper order (Capparales), a large assemblage of 350 genera of mostly herbaceous plants with peppery-flavoured leaves. The family includes many plants of economic importance that have been extensively altered and domesticated by humans. The members' flowers are in the form of a Greek cross, with four petals, usually white, yellow, or lavender, and an equal number of sepals. There are four long and two short stamens and a two-chambered ovary positioned above the other flower parts. The seeds are produced in podlike fruits and often have a mucilaginous coating that swells when wetted.

The most important genus is Brassica, with about 40 Old World species and including the cabbages, mustards, and rapes. One species, B. oleracea, has many edible varieties, such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, kale, and kohlrabi. B. rapa is the turnip, and B. napobrassica is the Swedish turnip, or rutabaga. B. napus isthe rape plant. The leaves of B. napus are used in salads and for cattle forage, and the seeds are added to birdseed mixtures and also are pressed for canola oil. The species B. pekinensis and B. chinensis are Chinese cabbage. The seeds of B. juncea are the source of the condiment mustard. Oil is derived from the seeds of B. campestris (sometimes considered B. rapa), B. hirta, and B. juncea. Black mustard (B. nigra) seeds were formerly another source of table mustard. The plant, native in Eurasia and naturalized in North America, is a widespread weed.
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